The BBC is reporting that a new £2.5m study to assess the effectiveness of air quality control measures is to check the lungs of 3,000 children.
Researchers will compare the health of two 1,500-strong groups of primary school pupils; one based in central London and the other in Luton.
While the London schools will be within a new Ultra-Low Emission Zone (ULEZ), Luton is subject to a range of anti-congestion measures. The study will last four years.
Professor Gurch Randhawa from the University of Bedfordshire, who is the Luton lead for the Children’s Health in London & Luton (CHILL) study, said both locations are the “ideal comparative sites because they have similar levels of pollution – both have areas which are now at the EU limit, and both are doing different things” to improve air quality.
Professor Chris Griffiths from Queen Mary University of London, which leads on the study, said while low emission zones can improve air quality, “we don’t know whether they benefit health”.
This study, he added, will show whether they “should be implemented in towns and cities in the UK and globally”.
With the family’s permission, the team will also check children’s health records to find out how often they have had respiratory infections, visited a GP or A&E, or been admitted to hospital for chest problems.
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