Exam boards must provide marks, examiner comments and appeals panel minutes for tests including GCSEs, A-levels, Highers and university exams.
The new rules cover this summer’s tests and come from the introduction of the General Data Protection Regulation.
While students can request more information from their exam boards, certain types of information will not be available freely under the rules.
An ICO spokesperson told the BBC “The General Data Protection Regulation gives you the right to see information held about you. This means you can request information about you and your exam performance.”
“It does not give you the right to copies of your answers to exam questions or for your paper to be re-marked.”
Students do not have the right to make an appeal under the new data rules either, though they can do so following the procedures of their particular exam boards.
For the information that can be requested under GDPR, students can expect a response within 40 days, so long as exam results have been published.
One security specialist told the BBC that he potential deluge of requests could cause problems for exam boards.
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