Collaborative music lessons in schools improve the attitudes of pupils towards their peers with autism, a new study in the journal Autism reports. Care Appointments reports
Led by Anna Cook, PhD student at the University of Surrey, researchers found that the interactive sessions produced findings that could potentially reduce bullying of autistic students.
The research investigated the impact of school-based music lessons on children aged nine to eleven years old, both with and without autism. Split into two groups, one a combination of those with and without the condition, and the other group consisting of those without, the children received eleven weekly singing classes that were specifically designed to increase social interaction and communication skills.
After the completion of the classes, children were asked about their experiences and were presented with a scenario of a child with autism being excluded by their peers.Researchers found that children without autism who had been in music classes alongside their peers who have the condition displayed greater feelings of anger, pity and sadness and a decrease in antisocial emotions (pride, amusement and satisfaction) when presented with a scenario of a child with autism being excluded, than those who had been in music classes without any children with autism.
Lead author Anna Cook said: “The majority of children with autism are educated in mainstream schools and often, due to a lack of understanding and compassion from their peers, experience bullying. Bullying can have a long term impact on children, and research has found that those with autism often carry the feelings of depression and anxiety into adult life.
“It is important therefore that we tackle this in a school environment and help children build stronger relationships with each other. The use of music is ideal for this purpose since it bonds children together and increases a sense of cohesion.”
Read more about the study Children’s attitudes to supporting autistic peers improves through collaborative music
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