Schools in England are merging into larger academy chains and slashing costs in a bid to manage “unsustainable” deficits, according to an authoritative survey of more than 1,000 academies. The Guardian reports.
The report by the Kreston academies group found that half of the schools had an operating deficit last year, with only stringent cuts and the sharing of resources within multi-academy trusts (Mats) stopping the figure from being higher.
The group said that while the average deficits at academies fell in 2018 compared with 2017, further spending reductions would be much harder to achieve, and uncertainty was being caused by higher pension contributions, increased teacher pay and crumbling school infrastructure.
“Our clients across England are telling us that the ‘easy savings’ have already been made,” said Pam Tuckett, the group’s chair. “We are seeing reductions in learning support assistants, and staff contact ratios will be increased to save costs. This means teachers spend longer in the classroom so, in theory, schools wouldn’t need as many teachers.”
The survey found that financial pressures were driving standalone schools and small trusts to seek shelter within larger multi-academy trusts, and the average trust had grown from 3.5 schools per trust two years ago to 5.6 schools now.
Tuckett predicted that the trend for consolidation into larger trusts would continue while financial pressures remained. “With the weak financial position of schools in the maintained sector, it is likely that more schools and single academies that are failing financially will convert to become an academy as part of a Mat. Fortunately, there are many Mats that take this responsibility seriously and are willing to help.
“We continue to see a shift in the way a multi-academy trust is run, with some now operating on a far more commercial basis. While this may feel uncomfortable, it is a necessity if more efficiencies are to be found.”
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